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L'islam est une religion : il s'agit chronologiquement du troisième grand courant monothéiste de la famille des religions abrahamiques. Apparu en Arabie au VIIe siècle, il s'ajoute au courant judaïque et au courant chrétien desquels il hérite de nombreux éléments. Son livre sacré est le Coran dont le dogme assure qu'il a recueilli les révélations de Dieu au prophète Mahomet par l'intermédiaire de l'Ange Gabriel.

Islam et libéralisme, capitalisme

  • Pourquoi je suis musulman et libéral, LibreAfrique
  • Islam et libéralisme, colloque de l'institut Euro92, avril 1995
    • Dean AHMAD, (Président du Minaret of Freedom Institute) : Islam et libéralisme
    • Luc BARBULESCO (Professeur de sociologie religieuse) : Les capacités libérales de l'islam
    • Yves MONTENAY (Président de l'Institut Culture, Économie et Gestion) : L'économie et le Coran
    • Felipe TUDELA (Président du Centre de Recherche Financière) : Économie, islam et tradition de l'universel
    • Serghini FARISSI (Professeur d'économie à l'Université de Fès) : L'islam et libéral
  • Minaret of Freedom Institute
  • Can Muslims be Free Marketeers?, Reason, Nick Gillepsie, mars 2014
  • Islam and the free-market economy, Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Institue of Economic Affairs, 2009
  • Philosophical libertarianism and Islam, 2013, Iyad El-Baghdadi
  • Islam and the free market, Institute of Public Affairs
  • Muslims4Liberty
  • Oil, Wahhabis, and Islamic economics, 2014, Benedikt Koehler, CapX
    • "Wahhabi fundamentalism in religion is consistent with dynamism in business, something which may seem incongruous but in fact follows guidelines set by Muhammad who not only had been an entrepreneur, but also a seminal economist – indeed, Muhammad arguably was the first economic policymaker who cared about price competition and free markets."
    • "Muhammad began setting business policies after he emigrated to Medina. One of his actions was to establish a market that he inaugurated with the words: “Let this be your market and let no tax be levied on it.” Medina at the time already had four markets, so opening a new one and exempting it from tax was a case of fiscal competition. Later, he overturned business conventions when during a famine he was asked to cap food prices but refused to do that because, as he declared, “prices are in the hand of God.” This was a radical departure from business conventions because at the time, it was common practice for authorities to determine the price of food. Europeans had to wait for Adam Smith to hear a similar notion."
  • The Market of the Prophet, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 8 (1965): 272-76
  • Popular capitalism can save the Arab world, Guy Sorman, CapX, 2014
    • "Among all major religions, Islam is the only one founded by a trader. According to the holy Quran (dictated by God himself to this prophet), profit is good as long the wealthy merchant redistributes a modest part of his acquired wealth to the poor."
    • "No idealization of poverty can be found in Islam, which makes it a much more pro-business faith than Christianity."
  • Les droits de l'homme dans l'Islam
  • Vali NASR, 2010, The Rise of Islamic Capitalism: Why the New Muslim Middle Class Is the Key to Defeating Extremism
  • Benedikt Koehler, 2014, Early Islam and the Birth of Capitalism
    • Book launch: Early Islam and the Birth of Capitalism, Institute of Economic Affairs
      • "Early Islam and the Birth of Capitalism proposes a strikingly original thesis-that capitalism first emerged in Arabia, not in late medieval Italian city states as is commonly assumed. Early Islam made a seminal but largely unrecognized contribution to the history of economic thought; it is the only religion founded by an entrepreneur. Descending from an elite dynasty of religious, civil, and commercial leaders, Muhammad was a successful businessman before founding Islam. As such, the new religion had much to say on trade, consumer protection, business ethics, and property."
      • "As such, it can be rightfully said that these essential aspects of capitalism all have Islamic roots."
    • Benedikt Koehler: Early Islam and the Birth of Capitalism
      • "This is hardly surprising, considering Islam is the only world religion whose founder had a background in business and came from a long line of merchants."
      • "His family, the Hashimites, take their name from Muhammad’s great grandfather Hashim, a merchant who became famous because he struck trade agreements with Bedouins that made caravan travel across Arabia’s deserts safer and thus more profitable. Muhammad’s own business career took off when his future wife Khadija bint Khuwaylid backed him with an investment. Khadija, a professional investor, later married Muhammad and became the first convert to Islam."
      • "A famine had squeezed up the price of food, and Muhammad’s adherents appealed to him to set a price cap but Muhammad refused, saying he had no mandate to set prices because, as he explained: “Prices are in the hand of God.” That pronouncement is akin to Adam Smith’s notion that markets are ruled by an “invisible hand.”"
  • Islam sur Wikiberal